20 December 2008

Microdermabrasion is a general term for the application of tiny rough grains (aluminum oxide crystals, baking soda, salt or corn cob granules) to buff away the surface layer of skin. Many different products and treatments use this method, including medical procedures, salon treatments and creams and scrubs that you apply yourself at home. It's usually done to the face, chest, neck, arms or hands.

This procedure may not give everyone the same results but if you have the money it is a nice treat and requires no down time. It can clean your pores incredibly and hinder any future breaks outs if used on a regular basis. Microdermabrasion also stimulates collagen net working to further even out skin texture and appearance.

Microdermabrasion was developed in Italy in 1985; its use was widespread in European countries prior to its introduction and popularity in the United States. This technology offers the advantages of low risk and rapid recovery compared with more traditional resurfacing modalities and can be effective in the appropriate patient population.

Why it Called Microdermabration?
All of the action in microdermabrasion takes place at the level of the stratum corneum. Stratum corneum is a barrier between the outside world and the lower skin layers. It keeps all but the smallest molecules from getting through.

Our skin is made up of two main layers, the epidermis and the dermis. The epidermis is the layer closest to the outside world. It's a set of dead skin cells on top of another layer of cells that are in the process of maturing. When you put lotions or creams on your skin, some of the moisture passes through the stratum corneum, but not all of it. This layer is home to many minor skin imperfections like fine wrinkle lines and blemishes.

What Is The Difference Between Microdermabrasion And Dermabrasion?
Dermabrasion is a mechanical procedure that uses a power driver hand-held device to remove the top layers of the skin. It may need general or a local anesthetic, depending on the treated area. Derma abrasion lasts between a few minutes and two hours, depending on the depth and area of the skin resurfacing. After dermabrasion treatment, the skin is red, swollen and extremely sensitive for about 10 days. Dermabrasion can offer visible improvement by treating deep wrinkles, scars, and hyperpigmentation.

Microabrasion is much less invasive. It can be performed in an beauty center, doctor's office or at home, using a personal home micro dermabrasion kit. A doctor uses a sandblaster-like hand-held device to spray and circulate high pressure flow of aluminum oxide crystals onto the skin. Used crystals and dead skin cells are then vacuumed back into the microdermabrasion machine, leaving the skin clean and smooth.

Microdermabrasion Mechanism of Action
The idea microdermabrasion wheter done by yourself at home or by professional in beuty clinins, is to remove or break up the stratum corneum, the body interprets that as a mild injury and rushes to replace the lost skin cells with new and healthy ones. In the first hour after treatment, this causes mild edema (swelling) and erythema (redness) - depending on the individual.

Skin's surface will improve if stratum corneum gone. The healing process brings with it newer skin cells that look and feel smoother. Some of the skin's visible imperfections, like sun damage, blemishes and fine lines, are removed. Medicinal creams and lotions are more effective because more of their active ingredients and moisture can find their way down to the lower layers of skin because no barrier. As microdermabrasion temporarily removes some moisture from the skin, it is always followed by the application of moisturizing creams.

Early studies suggest that repeated microdermabrasion treatment at regular intervals may influence the way the lower layers of skin grow, as well, removing deeper blemishes over time. Some evidence seems to indicate that the rapid loss of skin moisture may be what triggers the lower skin layers to work overtime in speeding healthy cells up to the surface.
Microdermabrasion does is not the cure all for heavily damaged skin, it is a non invasive technique for those of you who do not need a serious laser or chemical peel treatment. Microdermabrasion also can not be expected to remove tattoos. It takes a bunch of sessions just for mild acne scarring to be removed much less ink buried deep into your skin.

Microdermabration Technique
The microdermabrasion technique abrades the skin with a high-pressure flow of crystals.
All resurfacing procedures exert their effects through different degrees of epidermal and dermal ablation. The results and the indications for each modality depend on the depth of ablation.

Is Aluminum Oxide Safe?
Aluminum oxide crystals are perfectly safe and non-toxic if ingested. They don't cause adverse skin reactions and they are not carcinogen. During microderm abrasion, your eyes are protected by special glasses, to prevent micro crystals from getting in your eyes. The special wands in microdermabrasion machines used in cosmetic saloons are designed to vacuum back all micro crystals released during micro dermabrasion. That way, chances of inhaling the aluminum oxide are fairly slim.

Does Microdermabrasion Hurt?
Microdermabrasion does not hurt although it may sting a little around the eye area. The patient normally works up to a level as they go to increase the penetration to the skin. Your skin may feel a little hot and appear a little pink for the first day.

You should be perfectly fine that night. Although really intense micro- dermabrasion treatments may leave you pink for several days. The technician can turn down the controls if the suction or level of the blast is too strong for you.

Problem
Skin resurfacing techniques, such as dermabrasion, chemical peeling, and the more recent technique of laser resurfacing, have a history of efficacy but also the potential for significant complications.

Microdermabrasion produces a superficial ablation, primarily in the epidermis; therefore, this procedure is ineffective for deeper wrinkles or scars. However, for fine lines and more superficial scars, microdermabrasion can be an effective treatment with minimal risk and rapid recovery.

Advantages
Monteleone describes the advantages of microdermabrasion, including that it
  1. It is the It is more affordable than cosmetic surgery
  2. Does not require anesthesia if performed at a spa, beauty salon or physician's office
  3. Painless
  4. Least invasive dermatological procedure (compared to dermabrasion and laser resurfacing)
  5. Can be repeated at short intervals
  6. Simple and quick to perform
  7. Does not significantly interrupt the patient's life
  8. It is available as home microdermabrasion systems and kits
  9. It has the fewest side effects and it is effective on all skin types and colors
  10. It helps your skin look younger, healthy, glowing and for some people, close to perfect
Contraindications for Microdermabrasion
The contraindications for microdermabrasion are similar to those for other resurfacing procedures. These contraindications include the current or recent use

Who Can Perform Microderm Abrasion?
Microabrasion used to be performed only by trained plastic surgeons. Many dermatologists and beauty specialists, however, are now specially trained to perform microderm abrasion. A home microdermabrasion kit allows even yourself to perform micro dermabrasion treatment on yourself. Simply follow the instructions that come with the abrasion kit.

What Should I Ask At The First Microdermabrasion Consultation?
A first microderm abrasion consultation doesn't take more than a few minutes. Discuss your medical history with the doctor and help him decide whether microdemabrasion is right for you. He will establish your skin type, explain what's involved and help you set reasonable goals and expectations. Ask about any contraindications and involved risks. Also ask to see other patients' 'before and after' photos and his qualifications to perform microdermabrasion. You should also let him know that you feel strongly about him using sterile equipment. Ask the doctor to tell you any pre-treatment needments and after treatments

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