14 December 2011

Almost everyone has moles. Most people of course Supposing mole is something normal and natural. But, beware, if any strange changes in your moles. It could be a malignant melanoma, skin cancer is the most malignant. Strange changes in moles can indicate the presence of a malignant disease and the deadly skin cancer, called malignant melanoma. Number of patients with this disease is increasing every year.

Cancer cells in this disease arises from melanocytes, the skin cells that function to produce melanin pigment. Because melanin is found throughout the body, disease malignant melanoma can appear anywhere on the body. Malignant melanoma can develop from a mole. Can existing moles or new moles that appear after suffering from this disease.

Malignant melanoma can occur in anyone, but usually rare in children. Some people are more susceptible to this disease, they are:
  • People who live on the equator. Because, in this area, the sun is closer to the earth, so that the ultraviolet radiation affects the skin more easily. Moreover, equatorial regions that tend to heat, which makes people more open to choose clothes that protect skin against UV rays to be minimal. It accelerates the onset of malignant melanoma.
  • White skin, such as Caucasians are more susceptible to malignant melanoma, because the number of melanin less. In fact, melanin serves to protect the skin in order to avoid mutations that could lead to cancer. This little amount of melanin, making white people have minimal protection against UV exposure, so more potentially affected by malignant melanoma.
Causes of Skin Cancer Malignant Melanoma
There are several factors that could cause a person suffering from malignant melanoma. Among these are:
  • Genetic, malignant melanoma occurs because there is a history of the descendants or parents. History had skin cancer also makes a person more potentially exposed to a more malignant skin cancer.
  • UV radiation from sunlight can cause the appearance of malignant melanoma. If you already have a potential for malignant skin cancer, UV light will further accelerate the onset of skin cancer. Being a direct cause, malignant melanoma arises because the skin is often exposed to direct sunlight without protection in a long time. UV from the sun can damage skin, especially when the sun is hot, ie between the hours of nine in the morning until three o'clock.
Signs of Malignant Melanoma
To determine whether a mole has become cancerous or not, you can watch for signs that commonly abbreviated ABCD consisting of:
  • A = asymmetry, a freckle or mole on malignant melanoma is asymmetric. Not round exactly like ordinary moles. The longer, moles change continues to expand.
  • B = Border, roundness mole on malignant melanoma is not smoother edges, but has been irregular. Outer sphere boundary is irregular, so it looks like a jagged or uneven.
  • C = Color, Normally, brownish-black moles. But, a mole that had turned into a malignant melanoma colorful change: black, red, white, yellow, blue.
  • D = Diameter, Moles on malignant melanoma have an enlarged, generally the size of more than six millimeters in diameter.
Handling In Malignant Melanoma
If you find the signs mentioned above, consult a professional. That way, doctors can perform actions, such as:
  • Surgery, performed to remove the cancer, so as not to disturb other tissue. But, if the cancer has spread, cancer cells usually totally removed along with surrounding tissue. If very severe, lymph glands must also be removed.
  • Chemotherapy, on certain conditions, malignant melanoma can not be treated with surgery. Instead, it takes action taking chemotherapy with anticancer drugs.
  • Biological Therapy, Malignant melanoma can also be treated with biological therapies. This therapy is intended to stimulate immunity. Not cure the cancer. This expected to help extend the life expectancy of sufferers.
How to Minimize the Risk of Malignant Melanoma
To minimize the risk of malignant melanoma, do the following:
  • Watch the mole, recognizing that there are moles on your body is very useful. No need to count the number or memorize the location and measure every inch. Simply by checking once a month, if there are changes in the mole. If a mole changes such as the ABCD symptoms, itch and bleed easily if scratched, you should immediately consult a physician to ensure the kind of skin cancer or not.
  • Use Sunblock. Always apply sunblock before doing activity outside the home. Sunblock protect skin from UV exposure. Use sunblock with an SPF of 15 every 2 hours. Moderate sunblock with an SPF of 30, can be used every 4 hours.
  • Wear any protection, protecting the skin can also be done by wearing protective clothing and an umbrella and wearing a wide hat. This is to minimize the UV rays that enter the skin.

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